Fiddle Leaf Fig Update: Fertilizing, Staking, Spider Mites and Repotting

I thought it was time I did an update on my very own Fiddle Leaf Fig, after bringing it home from the nursery 18 months ago. My FLF was the first indoor plant I bought, which has since sent me on a downward spiral in an addiction to greenery! Haha!

For the first year of ownership I didn’t do anything proactive on my FLF – I just watered it weekly, wiped down its dusty leaves occasionally and turned it around to get the sun on different sides. After Winter this year though, I decided it was time to step it up a notch. My FLF had well and truly settled in and gotten bigger, so I thought for sure it could handle a few (positive) changes…

Here’s the Latest on my Fiddle Leaf Fig – Fertilizing, Staking, Spider Mites and Repotting.

Fiddle Leaf Fig problems and solutions


The first thing I did in October was to repot my Fiddle Leaf Fig. As I’m based in Australia, this means it was mid-Spring. Plant pots are expensive, and I had been eying off one in particular that I ended up getting for my birthday. I used about a 5:1:1 ratio of quality potting mix, perlite and peat moss to repot it. The reason for this was partly because of my research into what FLFs need, and partly due to what was available in my area… In saying that, I don’t think there’s only one right mix to use, if you as long as you’ve got a quality potting mix that will allow water to drain instead of sit, you’re on the right track.

Generally its best to rid the roots of the old dirt, so it will sit in fresh new potting soil. Also, with a bigger pot comes more water! While I used to only give it a cup of water each week, I now do about 500mL or so (except for when I fertilize, which is more). Its always best to fully saturate the soil when watering to flush out any buildup of salts.

My young Fiddle Leaf Fig - here's an update 18 months later

Fiddle Leaf Fig Update: Fertilizing, Staking, Spider Mites and Repotting

My FLF 18 months ago compared to now: repotted and lots of growth!


As my Fiddle Leaf Fig growth had seemed to slow a bit, I knew that once the weather warmed up I would like to start fertilizing it. I once heard it explained like this: Fertilizer isn’t a magic growth hack, but it will top up the plant’s nutrients so that it has everything that it needs for the best possible growth. Think of it like a multivitamin. However, when first started fertilizing my FLF, I had some AMAZING results!

As far as fertilizers go, the best type for FLFs is any that has a ratio as close to 3:1:2 as possible (Nitrogen – Phosphorus – Potassium). The fertilizer will state this on the product label. This Botanicare GROW fertilizer is the perfect ratio of ingredients for Fiddle Leaf Figs, encouraging full foliage and new growth. I’ve been using fertilizer in a monthly water, and after the first time I used it, I got a growth spurt of three new leaves that were literally more than DOUBLE the size of any other leaf! I’ve since written a more detailed post on Fertilizing FLFs and how I got such amazing new growth.


Recently I took my FLF outside for a big water on a breezy day. Because of this, and because its now a bit top heavy with those new giant leaves, it started to lean for the first time. Once I brought it inside, I poked a wooden stake in the outer edge of the pot and tied the trunk to it with some string to help keep it straight. It is probably better to use rags or cloth over string, but it isn’t too tight so should handle it ok. After about six months I’ll untie it to see if it still needs to be staked or not.

Staking has the potential to stop the roots spreading as the tree no longer relies on the roots to to support itself, which is why you shouldn’t stake a plant forever. As mine is an indoor plant, I don’t think its as much of an issue, although I’ll still check it and would rather not have the stakes in the pot. If your FLF is leaning or needs staking, check out this post which has some great tips to get the trunk to grow thicker and stronger more naturally.

Spider Mites(!):

In the last month or so, I started noticing some lighter discolouration on some of the lower leaves of my FLF, combined with some tiny egg-like white dots along the spines of the leaves (top and bottom sides). After much Googling and analyzing my Fiddle Leaf Fig, I came to the conclusion it must be Spider Mites! They are teeny tiny spider-like mites that are barely viewable with the naked eye. In bright daylight I could just make out a few spider-like moving dots, and some very small webs where the leaf stems meet the trunk.

Spider Mites like to eat the leaves, and consequently there were some lighter patches forming on some of the leaves. It took probably a few weeks to rid my plant of the mites (and I have no idea how they got there!)

The first thing you can do is to continue to wipe down the leaves on both sides with a damp cloth. This removes the eggs and mites (the mites left an orangey-brown tinge on the cloth). I did this almost daily for a few weeks. Keep at it so that any if eggs that you miss do hatch, you will get them next time! After doing some research, I also sprayed all the leaves down with an Organic Neem Oil and water mix, which is meant to ‘suffocate’ or give a barrier between the mites and the plant. I’m not exactly sure how effective this was – I have a feeling it was mostly the wipe-downs that got rid of the spider mites. You can also hose down the leaves instead of wiping, which will push off the mites and their eggs. If you get a spider mite infestation, it is fairly easy to take action on, you just have to stick to the regime until they are all gone!

Its pretty amazing to see how far my FLF has come – from only having half a dozen leaves about half-a-foot high, to reaching around a metre in height in 18 months. Next I’ll be focusing on growing a branch or two, to start getting that tree-like shape. Yes, I’ll be coaxing my Fiddle Leaf Fig to branch – stay tuned to see how it goes 😉

If you need any more advice or info on your Fiddle Leaf Fig or you are noticing that your Fiddle Leaf Fig has Leaf Damage, check out my other posts- Growing and Pruning Your Fiddle Leaf Fig, and How to Grow a Fiddle Leaf Fig from Bush to Tree. Or if you have any questions on fertilizing, staking, spider mites and repotting (or anything else!), feel free to leave a comment below and I’ll get back to you!

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27 Comments. Leave new

  • I’ve noticed that my FLF’s new growth is speckled in red spots. Is this normal?

  • Hi Emily! I just got my FLF about 3 weeks ago and only watered it when my moisture meter would be in the 4th level nearing #3. Water drains well and almost immediately upon pouring water. After 9 days, meter says #4 again but I noticed there were brown “stains” on the leaves, but since it said almost dry, I watered. Only after that I read that this could be root rot, which is strange given the precautions I was following since I got it. Now I don’t know if I should repot, or leave it hoping it’ll dry, I’m not an expert and it might further stress the plant. Also, there is a node that seems to be a growth soon 🙂 Would appreciate any tips!!

    Thank you!!

    • Hey Bea, brown spots can happen for a few different reasons so this post on browning may help you identify the cause. You can always shimmy the plant out of the pot to check if any roots are dark, mushy & smelly which is a sign of rot. Otherwise it could be due to another reason which the above post should help with 🙂

  • Hi Emily what if the top soil is dry and the bottom of the soil is wet or moist do you still water the tree?

    • Hey Marie, the soil should never fully dry out (or the plant would die!) so the best way to measure that the plant is ready to be watered again is when the top two inches feel dry. Because of this, it’s likely that the soil will still feel damp further down, which is fine. As long as the pot has drainage holes and the water drains out the bottom fairly quickly when you water, it should be fine to water again. If your pot doesn’t have drainage holes or is staying very wet for long periods of time (2 weeks or more), I would say it would need repotting into a more well-draining soil. Also, if you use a tray to catch the excess water, the plant shouldn’t stay sitting in water. In this case, empty the tray after watering. Hope that helps 🙂

  • Hi Emily, I was originally go with your suggestion mentioned above with 5:1:1 ratio but wanted to double check with you again. Since I have an edema issue, should I skip the peat moss and only mix in perlite with the potting mix? OR, is there a chance that the 5:1:1 mix is way better than the original soil it came from therefore keep the ratio and maybe tweak the water if need be? (I’m the Aaron who wants to separate the bush into single trees)

    • Hey Aaron, I don’t think there’d be too much issue with the 5:1:1 mix, but if you’re worried the new mix might retain too much water, you could try taking out the peat moss and even adding in some pine bark mulch, which will help make a gritty, well-draining mix. I’ve recently experimented with a similar mix and I think the pine bark much definitely helps with draining. Whatever mix you choose, just monitor how long it takes to dry and water accordingly. A well-draining mix may mean watering more frequently! But I do think well-draining works better for FLFs than a mix that is slow to dry. 🙂

      • Thank you!! I JUST repotted them with 5:1:1 mix. It was definitely a difficult process as you mentioned (cut & accidentally ripped some roots) but I tried to save as much small roots as possible and I watered and fertilized them immediately. Hopefully they won’t be in too much shock… We’ll see! Thank you so much for all your help!

  • Hi Emily,
    I live in Perth and it is still relatively warm here over the next few days. I was hoping to get some advice on the best way to water my FLF. Should I take it outside and give it a good soaking as I haven’t done that since I first bought it about 2 months ago or am I ok to just keeping giving it a cup of water a week? I thought a good soaking now before winter sets in might be a good idea. I did fertilize it on Monday so should I wait a few more days before soaking (it’s now Thursday) . Trying to find best watering routine for my FLF as It’s my first purchase so I’m trying to keep it alive and healthy 😊
    Thanks Lauren

    • Hey Lauren! The best way to water a FLF is to fully saturate it every time you water, until the excess runs out the bottom. FLFs like a lot of water, less often. Doing this makes sure that all the roots get watered evenly. When you do this method, it might mean watering it less often, as it will take longer for the soil to dry out. You can either take it outside, put it in a sink or just add a tray underneath to catch the water. Saturating the soil also helps flush out any buildup of salts or nasties that can accumulate in the soil.
      The best way to check when it’s ready to be watered again is to see if the top two inches of soil are mostly dry. This (generally) happens every 7-10 days but may be longer during the cooler months.
      I find it’s easiest to add liquid fertilizer into the water when I water mine so that again, all the roots get covered.
      Doing the above is a lot healthier than giving them a measured amount of water at a certain time. Saturating them when you water means that any previous fertilizer may get flushed out, but this is a good thing – again, to remove any buildup that can sit in the soil. If we fertilize our FLFs monthly for example, imagine how much build up of fertilizer there would be in the soil after a year, if the soil never gets flushed! The water eventually gets absorbed or dries out but excess fertilizer & chemicals from tap water will sit in the soil. This can lead to harming the plant or causing chemical burn.
      Hope that helps explain the reasoning behind the method! 🙂

      • Thank you Emily, I’ll give it a good saturating this weekend. I also noticed a small amount of spider mites so I’ve given it a good wipe over with a damp cloth and will keep a close eye on that too. Thanks for your reply. I’m sure I’ll be seeking further advice in the future.

  • Hi Emily,

    I just purchased a baby 6-inch FLF, when would you recommend starting to fertilize it? After reading this post, you started to fertilize it after a year, would you recommend doing the same or could I begin fertilizing it now?

    P.S. I love your blog and have read every single one of your FLF post, going to move on to all your greenery post now too! So informative, and fun to read.

    Many thanks!

    • Hey Vivian, you can start fertilizing any time! I only started a year in because I didn’t think of it before then… You only need to make sure you’re mixing it up according to the instructions. They are generally quite potent mixes and you shouldn’t need to use a lot.
      Thanks so much for the feedback! So glad the posts have been helpful for you 🙂 Emily

  • I water mine real good biweekly.i use a metal stake because wood rots

  • Hi Emily, I recently purchased a stunning and lush Fiddle Fig and I was looking for the fertiliser you mentioned but I can’t seem to find it stocked in any of the nurseries in Melbourne or even online in Australia. I was wondering if you are able to tell me where you purchased the Dyna-Gro Foliage Pro from please?

    • Hey Mara! I agree, foliage pro is hard to find in Aus! I actually order it online from a NZ site that ships to Australia – Not the most practical way but it is the best fertilizer for FLFs! Otherwise there’s one in Bunnings called Nitrosol which isn’t too bad… I saw so much growth when I started fertilizing so I hope it helps you too 🙂

  • Great comments, whilst on Pinterest I read if you carefully lift a leaf off and place it in water roots will grow and yes a new plant, it has worked for me, so good luck, I chose the smaller leaves near the base of the plant.

  • Colleen westley
    March 18, 2018 5:09 pm

    Have just purchased my fiddle leaf fig about 2weeks and am loving it it took me awhile to find one,im an aussie too and enjoyed your update thank you .

    • Emily Connett
      March 19, 2018 9:25 am

      Oh thanks for your comment Colleen 🙂 I find it is harder to find info about them in Australia! So I’m glad you enjoyed the post. I think they do grow well here though! Enjoy your new FLF!

  • I have a fiddle leaf, there has been browning of leaf edges and some have dropped off. I moved the position to get more light and not watering too much. How do I prevent more leaves from dropping off. Should I apply a fertilizer now? I’m in Sydney

    • Hi Susie, see how you go with your FLF in its new position. Normally leaves browning is environmental – if it’s too dry, or in the way of air con, or too much direct sun, or possibly not enough water. As it’s summer here in Aus you could definitely apply a fertiliser – they basically are like multivitamins for the plant, giving it any nutrients it may be missing for proper growth. I hope that helps.

  • Glad your FLFig is doing so well. Mine is now touching the ceiling so I am going to need to find out how to prune it so that it, a. Doesn’t die ..and b. Still looks pretty. Wondering also if the pruned stem can be rooted to form a new plant???

    • Thanks Carol! As long as you take less than a third or so of the leaves off when you prune, your FLF should be fine. Pruning is a great way to get cuttings to grow new FLFs! 🙂

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